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Climate change: Questions to be answered

Over the past 10 years, there has been more and more talk about the earths climate change. Kids are taught about it in school, we hear about it on the radio, we see images of the devastating effects on the news and many have experienced it first hand. But what really is climate change? How is it happening, where is it happening, what are the effects? And the most commonly asked question; how do we save planet Earth?

Climate change is defined as the change of weather patterns and seasons over a certain period of time. These changes are long lasting and can be permanent. Unfortunately the majority of the earths climate change is caused by man-made activities. These activities involve generating or creating greenhouse gases. Greenhouse gas production is simply created by driving a car, using a computer, running a factory or burning waste.

The devastating effects of climate change have been shown all over the world in recent years. These include the melting of the polar ice caps, destroyed soil that affects agriculture and the endangerment of animals. Animals that are now endangered because of climate change include salmon, the beluga whale and the emperor penguin. Some of the countries that are badly affected by climate change in recent years are Bangladesh, Burma, Vietnam and India.

Due to seeing the effects that climate change has on the Earth through the news and media, the question that is being asked is ‘How do we save planet Earth?’.Unfortunately this is an almost impossible to answer because of the damage that has already been done to the Earth. However there are still some things everyone can do to try and begin to save planet Earth. These include the three R’s: Reduce, Reuse and Recycle. Small changes to lifestyle can also be a help, like cycling or walking to school or work and turning off all electricity when it is not in use. We face a massive challenge, but hope has not been lost yet, and there is still a chance to save planet Earth.